One of the first measures of the incoming President Jair Bolsonaro did when he took power,
The GCM is the first UN global agreement that presents guidelines for international cooperation to international migration and “sets out our common understanding, shared responsibilities and unity of purpose regarding migration." The GCM is anchored in the fundamental principles and norms of the United Nations: its Charter, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, international treaties and covenants, and the International Labour Organization Conventions on promoting decent work and
On 9 January 2019, the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Affairs communicated to the United Nations of its exit to the Compact. The decision was not a surprise since the current Foreign Minister Ernesto Araújo, when Brazil signed the pact, by Twitter, had classified the pact as "an inadequate instrument to deal with the problem" and also stated that "the issue should not be treated as a global issue, but rather in accordance with the reality and sovereignty of each country.” In addition, there was already the expectation that in this government there would be
It is important to emphasize that Brazil is not a country that has large percentage of migrants. On the contrary, in spite of two recent flows of migration from Haiti and most recently Venezuela, there are now more Brazilians abroad than immigrants in Brazil. According to the Federal Police, there are 750,000 foreigners in Brazil, which represents 0.4% of the population, while 3 million Brazilians live outside the country.
According to an article published in Jornal do Comércio, Gelson Santana, President of the Union of Workers in the Civil Construction Industries of Porto Alegre, and member of the BWI Working Group on Migration, "The position of the Brazilian government is a dangerous setback in ensuring the rights of migrants in Brazil.”